How to build resilience

All components of the system (infrastructure , social, economic, institutional etc) to achieve resilience are integrated and the risk reduction approach and measures should be planned accordingly. Resources (5 capitals- Human capital, Financial capital, Physical capital,Social Capital and Natural capital) available in the community helps them to utilize those resources during the time of need and respond to disaster. 

Source: Practical Action

Vulnerabilities  to disaster differ based on the gender, age and socio-economic strata. Planning should consider the vulnerable groups or population as they are the fore-front responder of disaster.

It is not necessary that a single plan and strategy fits for achieving resilience in all communities.Four properties of resilience (Robustness,Redundancy,Resourcefulness and Rapidity) should be considered while preparing the community plan. Considering the complexity and uniqueness in physical and social structure of the community, local capacity should be enhanced based on their need and demand by engaging the community members in planning and adoption of disaster risk reduction measures


All stakeholders and collaborators have to be recognized and their roles have to be well defined at all steps of DRR measures.

Resilience to disaster cannot be achieved by single effort. However,efforts should be integrated among all the related stakeholders and the disaster plan should be  integrated with the sectoral and national governmental plan. Increase in awareness and investments from governmental and non- governmental sectors in resilience to disaster will help to achieve long term benefits. 

You may also refer to Community Based Disaster Risk Reduction